Tangkuban Parahu Volcano

Thirty kilometers north of Bandung. Tangkuban Parahu literally ”overturned boat” Is a huge active volcanic crater. Legend tells of a God challenged to build a huge boat during a single night. His opponent, on seeing that he would probably complete this impossible task, brought the sun up early See more details

Bogor Botanical Garden

Know throughout Java as Kota Hujan (City Rain) and Bogor became a home from Sir Stamford Raffles during the British Interregnum, a respite for those ma dogs and English men that preferred not to go out in the midday sun. These days, this once quiet town is practically becoming a suburb of Jakarta See more details

Kampung Naga

Tour Campoeng Naga (Dragoon Village Cultural Conservation) Kampeong Naga is a traditional village and museum piece of Sudanese architectures and village life. It is home to 110 families, who preserve the old ways of life despite the crowds of tourists that pass trough here during the peak season. See more details

Ujung Kulon National Park

On the remote Southwestern tip of Java, the beauty of Ujung Kulon National Park covers about 760 sq km of land area, including the large Panaitan Island. Because of its isolation and difficult access, Ujung Kulon has remained an out post of primeval forest and untouched wilderness in heavily devel See more details

Baduy Tribe Cultural

The Baduy or Badui, who call themselves Kanekes, are a traditional community living in the western part of the Indonesia province of Banten, near Rangkasbitung. Their population of between 5.000 and 8.000 is centered in the Kendeng mountains at an elevation of 300-500 meters above sea level. Their See more details

Merapi Volcano

Few of Southeast Asia’s volcanoes are as evocative, or as destructive, as Mountain Merapi (Fire Mountain) towering 2911m over the surrounding plains, this immense Fujiesque Pyramids looms over Yogyakarta, Borobudur and Prambanan like an invitation to the end of the world. It has erupted dozens o See more details

Borobudur Temple

Like Angkor Wat in Cambodia and Bagan in Myanmar, Java's Borobudur make the rest of Southeast Asia's spectacular sites seem almost incidental. Looming out of a path work of bottle-green paddies and swaying palm tops, this colossal Buddhist relic is one of the continent's marvels, surviving Mountai See more details

Prambanan Temple

The grandest and most evocative Hindu temple complex in Java features some 50 temples site. Many of these were damaged by the large earth quake that struck the region in 2006, and the main temples were off limits at the time of research, though the hope the reopen most of the site by the time you See more details

Krakatoa Volcano

The Krakatau Volcanic activity recommenced in May, 1883, and continued into August, the first eruptions appearing on the northern, Perbuatan volcano. The number of active vents increased on both the northern volcanoes. On the 26th and 27th August a series of cataclysmic explosions occurred which w See more details

Bromo Volcano

Bromo Volcano is a landscape that's as evocative and resonant any in Southeast Asia, and the raw material for countless legend and as many picture post cards. Compared with Java's other major peaks, Bromo Volcano (2392m) it self is a relative midget, but this volcano's beauty is in its setting, no See more details

Cijulang Green Canyon

The most incredible tourist destination to visit the Green Canyon. And it's takes around half an hour from Pangandaran Beach. See more details

Bandung West Java

Big, burly Bandung comes like a rush of blood to the after the verdant mountains around Cibodas. Once doubled ”Paris Van Java ”today there’s little left to admire in a city centre that’s prone to Jakarta-style congestion-but if you rummage throughout the concrete sprawl, old pockets of int See more details
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Guide to Tour Krakatau Holiday Indonesia

Fascinating Journey

Dear Visitors,

guide to tour krakatauThe Forest Protection And Nature Conservation is concerned with the conservation of natural ecosystems in Indonesia and the preservation of the country’s natural resources. To this end, it manages the National Parks, including the famous Ujung Kulon National Park, of which the available for recreational purposes and scientific study.

Professor Thornton has led several expeditions of Indonesia and overseas scientists studying the re-colonization of the Krakatau by animals since the 1883 eruption. His guide should enhance your enjoyment of this national park.

As you visit the islands I hope that you will recall the mighty eruption of 1883 which, at the expense of thousands of dead, led to the conditions which are such interest to both scientists and tourist today. Pleaujungse treat the delicate island ecosystem with care, so that it may continue to bring interest to the other visitors and in this way serves as memorial to that great human tragedy a century ago.

krakatoa volcanoThe Directorate General of Tourism is encouraging all those associated with the tourist industry, to make known worldwide, Indonesia’s potential for tourism and scientific study. One of Indonesia’s treasure is, of course, the Ujung Kulon National Park which extends across the Sunda Straits to included the active “Krakatau“ Volcano. On August 27th, 1983 the Minister of Tourism and the Governor of West Java signed a memorial stone marking the centenary of the devastating Krakatau eruption in 1883. This memorial can be viewed by visitors to Carita Beach.

No visit to Indonesia can be complete without a visit to Krakatau, “the Volcano that shook the world” simply 103 years ago. A television film has been made about the fatal eruption, identifying environmental repercussions to date. It has been shown worldwide since 1983.

Your visit will be “Adventure Tourism” starting with takes 1,5 hours by a private speed boat trip to Krakatau departing from Marina Carita Beach. The trek up “Anak Krakatau” could take 2 hours, Krakatau Adventure has produced a recommended itinerary for your visit which will minimize any risks involved with your adventure.

We ask your future cooperation however in preserving this unique natural monument to nature. Continuing study and research into this naturally developing ecosystem demands the utmost care by tourists not to drop liter or destroy developing life. Future generations will wish to travel to Krakatau to enjoy the awe inspiring silence and moonlike landscape of Anak Krakatau during its “sleeping” periods. During active periods even the adventurous are urged to view events from the 50 km safety of the hotels at Carita or Anyer.

To anyone interested in natural processes, Krakatau is one of the most fascinating areas in the world. The cataclysmic eruption of 1883 captures the imagination, and spectacular volcanic activity continues to the present. To those interested in biology and the way islands are colonized by plants and animals, not only the islands from which life was eradicated by the 1883 eruption, but also the new island of Anak Krakatau, the area holds a unique attraction.

The Krakatau islands are part of the Ujung Kulon National Park. this Park also includes the famous Ujung Kulon wilderness area on the westernmost peninsula of Java, a reserve for the only remaining population of the Javan Rhinoceros.

Volcanic History

The three outer island of the present Krakatau group (Rakata, Sertung and panjang) are thought to be the remnants of one previous, huge volcanic island. Called "Ancient Krakatau", it was some 11 km in diameter and 2 km high according to records in the Javanese "Book of kings" it exploded and collapsed, perhaps in prehistoric times but possibly as recently as 416 AD. Three island remained on the rim of its submerged, 7 km diameter, central caldera (Collapsed crater). The south easternmost of these, Rakata, grew by volcanic activity until it was about 830 m high and 5 km in diameter. Two smaller volcanic island, Danna (450m) and Perbuatan (120 m), then developed in line and to its north, within the ancient Caldera the three island later joined up into one Krakatau, This was about 9 km long and 5 km wide (dashed line in fig.3). There are records of seven eruptions of Krakatau between the 9th and the 16th centuries. By the nineteenth century it was regarded as Dormant.

The 1883 Explosive Eruption

Volcanic activity recommenced in May 1883, and continued into August, the first Eruption appearing on the northern, Perbuatan Volcano. The number of active vents increased on both the northern volcanoes. On the 26th and 27th August a series of cataclysmic explosion occurred which where heard as far away as shout Australia and Ceylon. They generated tsunamis (Tidal Waves) that were registered even in the English Channel, and which in the Sunda strait area devastating, killing more than 36.000 people. The total volume of material ejected by the eruption is estimated at some 18 -21 cubic kilometers, with an ash cloud circling the earth several times. Causing "Blue Sun" and “Orange moons" In Europe and north America. The amount of the sun's energy reaching the earth was reduced, and in the year or two that followed, annual average temperatures in the northern hemisphere were lower than usual.

In the aftermath of explosions only about third of Krakatau remained. The northern two thirds, including the volcano Perbuatan and Danan and the northern half of Krakatau Volcano, were gone. In their place was a collapsed crater (Caldera) 200m beneath the sea (Fig.2e,3), covering an area of about 28 square kilometers.

The remaining, southern part of Rakata was left as an approximate half-cone with an almost perpendicular cliff from the summit (813 m) to the sea, providing a natural, geological section through volcano. The other two Islands, Sertung and Panjang, were enlarged considerably (Sertung doubled in size) by the glowing ash and pumice which smothered them to depth of 30 meters, on Rakata, the south and West coast were extended almost a kilometer seawards and the ash layer reached a thickness of 60 m in some areas, although probably much shallower on the steeper slopes. Weeks after explosion, rain water turned into steam as it trickled into crevices and even a month later the surface was too for bare feet. It is believed that all life, plant and animal, was destroyed on the Islands. Yet the three Island are now cover in forest, and over 200 species of higher plants and 36 species of land birds have been found on Rakata in the 1980.

The Birth Of Anak Krakatau

Forty years after the main explosion, in 1927, volcanic activity was seen in the sea covering the old caldera, between the sites of the two northernmost former volcano of Anak Krakatau Volcano, where the greatest activity had occurred at the time of the cataclysm. A series of eruptions 185 m below the surface of the sea resulted in the emergence of three new island, one after the other. They were all soon destroyed by surf. A fourth emerged from the sea on august 12th 1930.it remained above eater, and was aptly named Child of Krakatoa (Anak Krakatau). It grew by the accumulation of ash, and suffered a devastating eruption in 1927. It is now 300 m high and 2 km in diameter, and is still active. The northeast coast, north fore land and east fore land are now vegetated the succession of vegetation is still at an early stage, "Casuarina Equistifolia (Cemara)" being the dominant tree.

We hope you have a good Journey